Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela is South African citizen and democratic fighter who has spent his life fighting for equality and democracy. He was born in South Africa on July 18, 1918. His father was an advisor to the acting King of their village. As he grew up he learned from his ancestor's stories to resistance and dreamed to make his contribution to the freedom struggle of his people. Mandela began his studies at the University College at Fort Hare but he was expelled for participating in a student protest.

He worked as a mine security officer. Soon after, he became a estate agent. He went back to college at University of South Africa and received a BA in 1943. Mandela became involved in politics in 1942. He joined the African National Congress and formed the ANC Youth League. Mandela rose through the ranks of the ANC Youth League. He lead a campaign of civil disobedience against 6 unjust South African laws with ANC and South African Indian Congress. They were later arrested for 9 months under the Suppression of Communism Act. In 1952, after being released from prison, Mandela and his friend Oliver Tambo established a black law firm, Mandela and Tambo. 

In 1955, a countrywide police swoop arrested 28 people including Mandela for treason against the government. There were protest and the ANC was banned. After the Treason Trail, Mandela went underground to plant a national strike at the end of March. Due to the state of his people, the strike did not happen. He was recruited to help an armed strike but declined. He traveled to London and other African countries to seek for help. When he tried coming back, he was arrested for leaving the country without a permit and encouraging workers to protest for 5 years.

He was spent most of his life fighting in prison and fighting on the streets for equality and democracy. In 1991, he was elected as the President of ANC replacing his friend, Oliver Tambo . In 1993, Mandela and President FW de Klerk jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize.

He became the 1st elected President of South Africa in 1994 where he made an impact on democracy, education and equality. In 1999, he stepped down as President and spent his time with his foundations. He left democracy, peace and a better world on December 5, 2013.

 

Thank you Nelson Mandela for showing us resistance and patience will eventually lead you to your goals and dreams.

Sonia Kang

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